Posts Tagged: JSTOR
For JSTOR Daily, Chi Luu examines the long-conflicting ideas of whether writing is a form of technology or a separate dialect of its spoken form. Luu references the upcoming film Arrival and the sci-fi novella it’s based on, Ted Chiang’s The Story of Your Life, which takes a linguist’s point of view in telling its story of a human-alien first encounter....more
For JSTOR Daily, Matt Langione reviews the current state of artificial intelligence, and the strides AI technology must make to fully complement human thought and experience. The latest step, Langione notes, is the news that Google began improving its “natural language algorithms” with the text of romance novels, which opens the question of what kind of knowledge artificial intelligence still lacks in working with humans....more
For JSTOR Daily, linguist Chi Luu looks at the “my next band name” meme to identify not just trends in pairing interesting words, but also the social phenomenon of how we understand what words mean....more
For JSTOR Daily, Ellen C. Caldwell examines historical “memory-making” and our changing interpretations of historical events over time. Caldwell focuses on the 1746 Battle of Culloden, a battle that ended the Jacobite Uprising and decisively transformed the British monarchy and Scottish Highland culture....more
At JSTOR Daily, linguist Chi Luu looks at language loss in victims of trauma, specifically trauma in wartime. Luu’s case studies range from a monolingual teenaged prisoner isolated in Guantanamo Bay to POWs in Russia isolated from their native cultures and first languages for decades at a time....more
Tara Isabella Burton revisits historical interpretations of the Bible’s Book of Genesis and the emergence of fundamentalist/literal readings of a text that, for centuries, had been interpreted as allegory....more
Matthew Wills revisits the life and career of Mary Somerville, a 19th century scientist, translator, and a popular science journalist. Somerville also has a notable place in linguistic history: the word scientist was first used in a review of her book, On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences, in 1834....more
Chi Luu writes for JSTOR Daily on the popularity of invented languages, ranging from the mystical language created by a 12th century abbess to contemporary constructed languages such as Esperanto and Klingon.
Invented languages found in literature are really examples of linguistic artistry, language for art’s sake, not necessarily for real world utility or universality….
For JSTOR Daily, Tara Isabella Burton revisits Prohibition during the Coolidge administration, when the moral outrage that pushed for Prohibition didn’t extend to saving the lives of people dying from poisoned industrial alcohol:
…[the] New York of the 1920’s viewed certain populations as disposable.
Matthew Wills writes for JSTOR Daily on the romcom interpretation of King Lear. Wills brings to attention the fact that for almost two centuries, a version of Shakespeare’s Lear by poet Nahum Tate, one with little tragedy and a happy ending, was almost the only version seen on stage until the mid-19th century....more
Punning surprises us by flouting the law of nature which pretends that two things cannot occupy the same space at the same time.
Where does the pun come from? And why does it prompt ubiquitous eye-rolls? Dive into the history of the “comical frolic” over at JSTOR....more
For JSTOR Daily, Allana Mayer writes about what it means to master visual literacy. Mayer specifically addresses the idea that libraries and galleries digitizing their content will instantly make people more literate with visual art. Instead, competency with visual art should be measured by the ability to contextualize and analyze work made available in these open collections....more
At JSTOR Daily, linguist Chi Luu makes a case for emphasizing grammar rules that follow popular usage, rather than the pedantic standards set by centuries-dead classicists.
Here are the plain facts: many of these pop grammar rules… were magically pulled out of thin air by a handful of 18th and 19th century prescriptive grammarians….
The [Department of Education’s] report states: “In today’s world, college is not a luxury that only some Americans can afford to enjoy; it is an economic, civic, and personal necessity for all Americans.” Most defenders of the liberal arts would agree with that statement.
Remember when Aaron Swartz challenged the US Government by illegally downloading over 4 million articles from JSTOR, in hopes of breaking down the barriers that prevent public access to information?
He was facing some major charges including a million dollar fine and major prison time, but JSTOR just announced the optimistic news that “all its out-of-copyright journal articles have been made freely available worldwide.” Though JSTOR doesn’t credit Swartz directly or fully for this change, they did mention in the FAQs that “recent events did have an impact on our planning.” Awesome!...more
Aaron Swartz, former Demand Progress Executive Director, political activist and Cambridge Web Entrepreneur, was arrested for illegally downloading over 4 million articles from the nonprofit subscription-based internet archive, JSTOR. Swartz’s activism is directed towards the “free flow of information,” and “commitment to open knowledge.”
The charges against him include “wire fraud, computer fraud, unlawfully obtaining information from a protected computer, and recklessly damaging a protected computer....more